The Welfare State, Budgetary Pressure and Labour Market Shifts.
Atkinson, Anthony B (2000) The Welfare State, Budgetary Pressure and Labour Market Shifts. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 102 . ISSN 0347-0520
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Public debate about the welfare state in OECD countries has emphasized the need for reform to meet a twofold set of shocks: budgetary pressure and a labour market shift against unskilled workers. The aim of the paper is to set out a framework for examining the implications of these shocks for the optimal scale of social transfers and, in particular, the impact on different societies, distinguishing a restricted welfare state, labelled "the United States" and a more extensive welfare state, labelled "Continental Europe".
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